07 Feb, 2023

ESG (Environmental, Social and Governance) Reporting is an increasingly popular way for companies to measure their performance in relation to sustainability. This type of reporting has grown in popularity over the past few years, as organizations recognize the importance of considering their environmental, social, and governance policies and practices in order to remain competitive. As such, ESG reporting has become an integral part of many corporate sustainability strategies. But what is ESG Reporting? Where did it come from and why is it important today?

ESG came into existence sometime in the 19th century due to the concept of “no-sin investments” or no investments in stocks involving slavery, gambling, weapons, alcohol, etc. It has evolved in a major way since then and now has a framework outlining the risks to and opportunities to be had by the reporting company and provides precise insights to its stakeholders. ESG reporting in India began in 2009, when the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) issued the Voluntary Guidelines on Corporate Social Responsibility. By 2013, India became the first country to make Corporate Social Responsibility mandatory with the Companies Act of 2013.

ESG Reporting is all about understanding and measuring the environmental, social, and governance impacts of an organization. While it’s not absolutely mandatory, most companies are taking it up as an important step in responsible investing. In doing so, investors learn to make decisions based on a company’s commitment to sustainability and ethical practices.

At its simplest, ESG Reporting is a way of gathering and publishing information about a company’s activities and performance in regards to the environment, society, and governance. This information is often published in the form of a report, but can also be found in a company’s annual reports or on its website.


Environmental impacts are the most obvious part of ESG Reporting. This section of an ESG report will typically include factors such as climate change, biodiversity, natural resources, pollution, and waste. All these are resources that a company consumes, and emits. When either of these occur, their consequences must be investigated to illustrate the company’s environmental footprint.

This is why it’s crucial for companies to turn to renewable energy sources and reduce their carbon emissions. ESG Reports can show how successful companies have been in this area.


As ESG reports become more common, it is vital to understand the social concerns that are included in such reports. From human rights, to health and safety, to human capital development, an ESG report should provide a comprehensive overview of a company's social impact. Companies should consider how their operations affect their local communities, as well as their workforce. This includes issues such as diversity, health and safety, and labor rights.


Finally, companies should also be focused on their governance structures. This means the processes through which they set and pursue their objectives, and how they manage their finances. This can include issues such as board composition, executive pay, and shareholder rights.  

As we already mentioned, ESG Reporting is still not mandatory in most countries. However, rising global regulations across the world means that more companies are choosing to release ESG reports each year.

It’s crucial because ESG Reporting is an necessary tool for investors and companies alike. It provides insight into a company’s commitment to sustainability and ethical practices, which helps investors make decisions that are aligned with their values. It also helps companies become more transparent and accountable, which can lead to better long-term performance.

The terms “ESG” and “sustainability” have become increasingly interchangeable. Particularly in light of the ever-evolving corporate responsibility and green initiatives. Sustainability is an term that encompasses many green concepts and corporate responsibility. However, the term ‘ESG’ (Environmental, Social, and Governance) is preferred by investors and the capital markets, as it not only looks at sustainability efforts, but also ESG performance, reporting, and relevance to capital opportunities.

ESG data provides investors with relevant information about a company’s short-term and long-term sustainability performance, as well as its ability to manage risks and achieve returns on investments. By examining ESG metrics, investors can better assess and compare companies’ commitment to sustainability and corporate social responsibility.

As the industry evolves, companies are increasingly embracing the importance of ESG to their businesses. This shift in how companies measure and disclose their performance has been aided by the focus on all three pillars (environmental, social, and governance) of ESG. Companies are now encouraged to report their ESG performance as part of their regular business operations and to ensure that it is consistent, transparent, and accurate.

Moreover, the investment community is paying closer attention to ESG when making decisions about capital allocation and risk management. By considering ESG data, investors are able to identify companies that can provide risk-adjusted returns, making it an important factor in determining the success of an investment.

Overall, the shift towards ESG data has made it increasingly important for companies to not only understand the ESG implications of their operations, but to also disclose relevant information to investors. As such, companies should be aware of the increasing importance of sustainability and ESG performance, and take the necessary steps to ensure that their operations are both sustainable and compliant with ESG standards.

ESG reporting and disclosure is an invaluable tool for companies to access capital markets and secure their license to operate. The ones that demonstrate a strong ESG performance will be rewarded with preferential treatment from investors, and will benefit from increased business resilience and improved overall company performance. By understanding the importance of ESG reporting and disclosure and taking a proactive approach to developing robust sustainability and ESG strategies, companies can ensure that they remain competitive within their industry.

Creating an ESG report takes time, patience and one needs to know how to piece together all the relevant information in order to ensure it has the right impact. This requires the assistance of a specialized team for which we recommend Design My Report

Report Yak is a corporate reporting design agency that provides comprehensive services for companies to create and design reports that are essential to their sustainability and corporate social responsibility. If you’re looking to create ESG reports, annual reports, sustainability reports, impact reports or have any other reporting needs, get in touch with the team at the earliest!